This metal detector circuit consists of two oscillators, both working at about 465 kHz. One uses a transformer and the other uses an inductor which is the search coil LI. The oscillators are coupled through a capacitor 10 pF. The circuits DE metal detector is a BFO (beat frequency oscillator), a tone beat produced if the two oscillators are working together through the diode is detected and sent to the audio amplifier.
BFO Metal detectors Circuit Diagram
The oscillator coil is tuned by a variable capacitor of 10-365 pf variable. The search coil is made of wire with 22 turns between 24 and 36 AWG enamel junction to the center. The wire should be wound on a form of about 6 "χ 6" and the phones must be high impedance.